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What is Civil Engineering?
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
A civil engineering degree prepares you for work in the construction industry as well as in the business, management, and financial sectors. We have made an effort to provide all the information about civil engineering as a career option after 10th and 12th std.
A lot of parent and students are wondering about the best career options after their 10th and 12th, what to do next? which career is lucrative? We suggest here to go for civil engineering courses after ones 10th or 12th std.
Civil Engineering is one of the broadest and oldest of the engineering disciplines, extending across many technical specialties. Civil Engineers plan, design, and supervise the construction of facilities essential to modern life like space satellites and launching facilities, offshore structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels, highways, transit systems, dams, airports, harbors, water supply system and wastewater treatment plants.
A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the project. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills.
This is article is about the civil engineering career option in India after 10th and 12th std and how to make your career in civil engineering, we are giving here complete information to become a successful civil engineer. You can find the right answers for civil engineering as a career option after 10th and 12th std. in India.
What does a Civil Engineer do?
Duties of Civil Engineers
Civil engineers typically perform the following duties;
- Civil engineers are involved in the design and building of highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports and other buildings, sewage systems and water treatment facilities.
- Civil engineers also help to preserve our environment by assisting in the cleaning up of existing pollution and planning ways to reduce future pollution of our air, land, and water.
- Civil engineers help plan and supervise a variety of projects involving construction, water systems, and roads.
- Most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil engineer whether in the designing, planning or managing of the project.
- Civil engineers are responsible for planning and creating building projects, such as water systems, tunnels, bridges, and other public works projects. During the design phases of a project, engineers calculate the load requirements and weather conditions that the completed structure needs to withstand. They then usually consult with the builders to ensure that the project is constructed safely and successfully.
- The civil engineering field offers a variety of professional and educational opportunities.
- Civil engineers conceive, design, build, supervise, operate, construct and maintain infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.
- Many civil engineers work in planning, design, construction, research, and education.
- Analyze long-range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data to plan and design projects
- Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors during the planning and risk-analysis stages of a project
- Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies, verifying that projects comply with various regulations
- Oversee and analyze the results of soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations
- Analyze the results of tests on building materials, such as concrete, wood, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
- Prepare cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility
- Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
- Perform or oversee surveying operations to establish building locations, site layouts, reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
- Manage the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure
- This field requires strong mathematical and communications skills.
How to become a Civil Engineer?
Most entry-level civil engineering positions require a bachelor’s degree. In India to peruse a career as a civil engineer one should start his career journey directly after his 10th standard (SSC) by applying for the three years diploma course in civil engineering, there are 1000s of polytechnic institutes in India offering various specialized diploma courses. To know the state wise polytechnic institutes lists offering AICTE approved civil engineering diploma courses click here
After completing a diploma which is of three years duration one can opt for a bachelor degree program in BE or B.Tech from anywhere in India. For polytechnic diploma pass students the duration of the degree program is only 3 years, means diploma students can direly get admission in the second year of Engineering / Technology courses.
At present, there are 1000s of engineering colleges and institutes offering a four-year full-time degree in various branches of Engineering and Technology to know the list of AICTE and UGE approved engineering colleges click here
Most of the candidates opt for jobs after completing their diploma courses and there is also a good demand in India to start a career in civil engineering from diploma course, as most of the companies provide them career opportunities at entry level position.
After gaining a good industry experience a lot of diploma engineers are also earning good salaries. All it depends on one’s choice and his/her family and financial obligations. Most of the successful civil engineer or construction professions have started their career from being a diploma holder and after gaining good hands-on experience and other essentials paper qualifications these people are now handling multi-million dollar projects.
You can get direct admission in Civil engineering degree course after 12th Standard (HSSC) at various engineering colleges across India. Click here to know the list the UGC and AICTE approved engineering and technology colleges offering civil engineering degree courses in BE and B.Tech.
BE and B.Tech course is four years full-time degree courses, and in most of the reputed and renowned institutes, students can also get a job offer in the third or final year of their engineering course through the campus placement programs by various construction, real estate, infrastructure, projects and from even oil and gas companies.
To become a civil engineer one need to study at least 40 subjects in four years of duration of the course, the main subjects included in the civil engineering syllabus:
List of the subject in Civil Engineering
- Structural Mechanics
- Building Construction Materials
- Building and Town Planning
- Concrete Technology
- Economics for Engineers
- Geology and Geotechnical Engineering
- Building Construction
- Fluid Mechanics
- Design of Structures
- Water Resources and Irrigation
- Environmental Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Advanced Construction
- Foundation Engineering
- Law for Engineers
- Construction and Project Management
Those looking for supervisory or research positions can continue their education at a graduate program. A master’s degree in civil engineering can help students develop the management skills needed to oversee interdisciplinary projects.
Read more about the Civil Engineering Complete Syllabus for BE | B.Tech Course
What is the future of a Civil Engineering graduate?
Job Prospects for Civil Engineers
Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government like the public works departments (PWD), the railways and military. Civil Engineers are mostly required in private construction and real estate companies for various job profiles.
Various Job profiles where your Civil Engineering degree would be useful include
Civil engineers can choose to focus on several specific types of projects. For example, you could work on construction projects, help write building codes, or serve as a project leader. A civil engineering degree prepares you for work in the construction industry as well as in the business, management, and financial sectors. Civil Engineers can find opportunities in any of the following Job category or Job profiles.
- Site Engineer
- Planning Engineer
- Billing Engineer
- Cost & Estimation Engineer
- Building control surveyor
- Building services engineer
- Engineering geologist
- Quantity surveyor
- Structural engineer
- Water engineer
- Construction Engineer
- Civil Project Engineer
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Design engineer
- Nuclear engineer
- Construction manager
- Engineering geologist
- Environmental consultant
- Sustainability consultant and many others…
Transferable skills gained in a civil engineering course, include
- Creative approach to problem-solving
- Critical thinking skills
- Ability to interpret data
- Numeracy, IT and communication skills
- Analytical and decision-making abilities
- An awareness of ethical issues.
Civil engineers also must present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or property descriptions.
The brief job description of few job profiles in Civil Engineering
Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled and built in accordance with plans and specifications. These engineers typically are responsible for the design and safety of temporary structures used during construction. They may also oversee budgetary, time-management, and communications aspects of a project.
Geotechnical engineers work to make sure that foundations for built objects ranging from streets and buildings to runways and dams are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.
Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.
Transportation engineers plan, design, operate and maintain everyday systems, such as streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors.
Civil engineers work in a variety of locations and conditions. When working on designs, civil engineers may spend most of their time indoors in offices. However, construction engineers may spend much of their time outdoors at construction sites monitoring operations or solving onsite problems. Some jobs may require frequent relocation to different areas and offices in job site trailers.
Civil engineers who function as project managers may work from cars or trucks as they move from site to site. Many civil engineers work for government agencies in government office buildings or facilities. Occasionally, civil engineers travel abroad to work on large engineering projects in other countries.
Important Qualities for Civil Engineers
Decisionmaking skills. Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience.
Leadership skills. Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.
Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Organizational skills. Only licensed civil engineers can sign design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the job site as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.
Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must be able to then use their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.
Speaking skills. Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy-to-understand concepts.
Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. Civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background.